Andong is a city in South Korea and known as a center of culture and Korean folk traditions. The area is full of ancient traditions so the Andong Folk Festival is held annually in every fall to celebrate the rich culture and traditions the city maintains. The city is the largest area of North Gyeongsang Province, over double the size of Seoul city. Hahoe Folk Village, located within the city of Andong, offers one of the most scenic views as well as the essence of Korean traditional Culture.
Hahoe Village (translated "Village enveloped by water") got its name from the Nakdong River, flowing through the middle of the city / village all the way from Gangwon Province to the South Sea.
The river boasts a picturesque view, especially when seen from the magnificent Buyongdae (Buyong refers to lotus flower in Korean) Cliff, which you can take a boat to get to. You can also have a clear, extensive view of the whole village from the top of Buyongdae Cliff. The scenery this 64-meter-tall cliff, pine trees and the river offers is absolutely breathtaking.
The village is famous for its well-preserved traditional sites and houses and home to renowned scholars of the Joseon Dynasty. Naturally enough, Hahoe Village was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List under the category of “Historic Villages in Korea” on July 31, 2010.
There is an array of Korean traditional houses including tile-roofed houses in the center of the village as well as those with thatched roofs just outside the center. The former was for the ruling class while the latter was for the common. The architectures, houses, and shamanistic decorations are all harmoniously placed and create a genuine and realistic look of a Korean traditional village.
Address : 40, Jongga-gil, Pungcheon-myeon, Andong-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do
Opening Hours : 09:00 ~ 19:00 (closed an hour earlier in the winter season)
Admission Fees : Adults 3,000 KRW / Adolescents 1,500 KRW / Children 1,000 KRW
* Free admission for seniors older than 65.
Available Facilities : Seunggojae (Traditional Hahoetal Mask Specialty Store), Buyongsanghoe (Hahoetal Mask shop), Hanok stay, restaurants, etc.
Inquiries : +82-54-852-3588 / +82-54-840-6974
* Visit the official website of the village for more details.
When Koreans think of Andong, the first thing comes up to their mind is Hahoetal (pronounced How-hey-t'al in English), Korean traditional masks. These colorful masks are worn in the Hahoe Byeolsingut Talnori (Hahoe Pyolshin-gut Talnori ceremony) which dates back to the Koryo (or Goryeo) Dynasty in the 11th - 12th century. The masks originated in the Hahoe Folk Village and Byeongsan Village, Gyeongsangbuk-do (North Gyeongsang Porvince, South Korea).
The Hahoetal masks are highly regarded as one of the most beautiful images that best represent Korean traditional culture. The masks were designated as National Treasure #121 and the dance of the ceremony as Important Intangible Cultural Asset #69 by the South Korean Government.
Out of the total of 12 masks of Hahoetal, only 9 remains til today, each of which has a unique design to portray the full range of characteristics needed in the representation of these stock characters ; Chunji (the winged lions), Kaksi (the young woman / bride), Chung (the Buddhist monk), Yangban (the aristocrat), Choraengi (the aristocrat's servant), Sonpi (the teacher / scholar), Imae (the scholar's servant), Bune (the concubine), Paekjung (the butcher) and Halmi (the old woman).
Hahoe Pyolshingut Ceremony functioned to honor local deities and perform the rites of exorcism over evil spirits to bring prosperity to the village as a result. As well as the original shamanistic functions, these carnivalesque plays provided a chance for the oppressed lower classes to gather and mock the ruling class, Yangban, and were based on humors including sexual taboos.
The plays were an excellent means of entertainment for the masses back in the days and gained much popularity accordingly.
The Hahoe Mask Dance Drama Preservation Society offers the dance drama performance at the Hahoe Village every week. The original Pyolshingut Talnori has 10 episodes in total, some of which are offered in the weekly performance. The plays are performed in its entirety, with the whole 10 episodes, in the yearly performance.
Performance Info (Weekly)
Location / Schedule
- Jan, Feb : Every Saturday and Sunday, 14:00 ~ 15:00
- Mar ~ Dec : Every Wednesday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday, 14:00 ~ 15:00
- Jul ~ Oct : Every Saturday, 19:00 (Depending on the weather condition)
*Specific schedule of the annual performance may vary by year.
Admission Fees : FREE
Images from the official Visit Korea website.
If you want the ultimate Hahoe Folk Village tour, make sure you visit the city around the Andong Maskdance Festival season which has been held annually since 1997. Starting late September and running over a week, it features performances by many Korean and international mask dance companies, as well as contests, plays, mask making workshops and concerts to name a few of the available attractions. It is part of the Korean Folk Arts festival and attracts a number of tourists including foreigners as well as Koreans.
When : Every fall. Specific schedule may vary by year.
Location : 239, Yuksa-ro, Andong-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do, throughout Andong city and Hahoe Folk Village.
Admission Fees : Adults 7,000 KRW / Adolescents 5,000 KRW / Seniors 5,000 KRW
* Free admission for children younger than 6 years of age.
* Senior refers to those older than 65 years old.
* Price above is per performance. All-inclusive tickets also available for 30,000 KRW regardless of age.
Inquiries : +82-54-841-6397 ~ 8
*Go on to the official website of the festival and find out more.